In all aspects of interior design, colors play the most important role. One of the strongest sources for the proper design of the interior is the use of the basic rules of color combinations. For the correct use of colors, you need to know the relationships between them and the psychological reaction of people.
Color, in general is a property of the object to cause certain visual sensations depending on the light waves of the solar spectrum that this object represents. Isaac Newton first scientifically explained the nature of colors and identified only seven color components: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet. The colors of the spectrum are situated in a certain sequence and secures the gradual transitions from one to another.
Colors are usually divided into two parts, distinguishing between the warm and cold scale. The warm colors include red, orange, yellow and yellow-green colors. Cold – blue, blue-green, blue-violet and violet-red colour.
Colors in Interior Create Different Moods
Each color has specific information and psychological overtones, giving some properties to the objects that they “paint”. Color can emphasize the shape of the object, point to its materiality or vice versa, make it bodiless.
It is necessary to take into account these features of colors when they are used in the interior, and to do this we need to become acquainted with them more closely. Let’s start with three basic colors:
- Yellow is the light. Has properties such as lightness and dynamics.
- Red is the warmest. It is very active, hard, material and static.
- Blue is the coldest. It associates with concepts such as lightness, compression, human isolation, infinity.
All warm colors (yellow, orange, red) are active, cheerful, “come forward”, they express physicality and the strength of this world, look good on rough, dead and texture surfaces.
Cold colors (blue and violet) are light, immaterial. They somehow “plunge into the depths”, help to concentrate, express dimensionality and pellucidity. Their movement is directed vertically, that is why bright cold colors help a lot when you need to emphasize the height of walls.
The green color, which is formed by the mixture of two opposites, blue and yellow, is inert and static. This color is not moving, it is very stable. The green color is very quiet and is “healthy” not only for the eyes, but also for the general psychophysical condition of man.
Changes in psychological, emotional perception of color occur during mixing of the colors with white or black. Pure, rich, close to the spectral colors express the most powerful, significant and immediate feelings. Unsaturated colors express soft, lyrical, subtle feelings.
Of course, in the above-mentioned characteristics of colors and color combinations, there is a certain conditionality. The perception of color is individual for each person and may not coincide with the general norms.